Occupational diseases are those that are highly prevalent in specific work environments. Exposure to certain materials and situations within those work environments and certain practices that are commonly observed in those settings, make some individuals more vulnerable to specific diseases than others. Here are few of the most common occupational diseases in the present world.
Stress and anxiety disorders
Long working hours and lack of adequate pay is the main reason behind high levels of stress in the working population. This is quite common among industry workers. When stress levels go beyond people’s tolerance threshold it can translate into many serious health conditions. Internalized stresses are the main reason for emotional disorders such as extreme anxiety and depression. These disorders can harm a person’s usual behavior patterns and make them socially withdrawn. On the long run it may even give rise to physiological deficits.
Even individuals involved in high paying jobs can be at risk for anxiety and depression due to the unreasonable demand for long working hours that are way beyond the usual responsibility of an employee. This can result in sleep deprivation and lack of rest which could also translate into internalized disorders.
There is a specific group of diseases called occupational lung diseases which are caused due to unhealthy exposure in work places. Statistics collected through asbestos reports show that workers involved in asbestos mining and related professions have a high vulnerability for lung cancers and malignant conditions. Those working in factories are also at high risk for respiratory diseases. This is because long hours spent at confined spaces force these individuals to inhale all sorts of toxic chemicals and fumes on a daily basis. With time, the defense mechanisms their lungs possess to fight against these toxins can weaken, making them susceptible to many diseases.
Therefore, any responsible employer should make frequent reports and toxin analysis surveys a must within their establishment.
Commonly known as WMSDs, occupational musculoskeletal diseases are one of the most common diseases among the working population. The excessive use of muscles, tendons and nerves in the body is the main reason that gives rise to WMSDs. Carpal tunnel syndrome, tension neck syndrome and tendonitis are some of the diseases that are seen in high frequency. These diseases are seen among individuals who are involved in professions that demand high levels of physical strain. When a high level of strain is forced on small muscles of the body such as the wrist and neck, they tend to be damaged easily. Repetitive muscle movement and fixed and limited positioning also causes WMSDs. Other conditions such as extreme temperatures and vibrations can also give rise to these diseases.
No matter what profession you are involved in, it is important to give yourself adequate time to recover from the physical and mental stress that your jobs put you through. Pushing yourself extra hard to achieve more goals and earn some additional money may seem worth to some people. However, this can result in a number of lifelong diseases that will require more spending in the long run.Comments Off on What Are The Most Common Occupational Diseases In The World?